Kallman Syndrome – Signs And Symptoms
We all might think that low testosterone is part of getting older, and for the most of us, it is… but did you know that for some people, their sexual hormones – largely testosterone and/or estrogen, are never ever produced at normal levels..
This is a condition known as Kallman Syndrome, and it can effect both males and females.
What Is Kallman Syndrome
Kallman Syndrome ( also known as idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) is a genetic condition that usually presents itself by causing abnormally low production of sex hormones.. this can delay or even prevent the onset of puberty, another key symptom, rather strangely is the reduction or even non existence of any sense of smell.
Identifying Kallman Syndrome
The onset of Kallman Syndrome varies greatly between males and females, it often involves reduced levels of the two key hormones, (testosterone and estrogen, but can also include both LH (Luteinizing Hormone) and FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone)
In a young male, the problem can often be identified early on, signs such as a unusually small penis or undescended testicles (cryptorchism) being evident as the male reaches the usual age of puberty.. other factors tend to be more obvious as the usual effects of puberty, such a body hair growth, deepened voice tend to not develop… as they get older, sufferers usually find that they have problems getting erections and have little or no sex drive.
In females, similar problems exist, they do not start to develop breasts, they also are very late starting or do not start monthly periods at all..
A rather unusual symptom of Kallman Syndrome is the reduced or complete loss of any sense of smell..but this is not usually noticed by the sufferers as many are simply not aware of this impairment..
There are some other symptoms associated with Kallman Syndrome, these can include:
- Irregular eye movements
- abnormal development of teeth
- loss of hearing
- Unilateral Renal agenesis – (under development of one kidney)
Treatment Of Kallman Syndrome
It has been found that testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in males or estrogen replacement (HRT) in females can be effective in treating Kallman syndrome…This (usually) enables the patient to develop normally and achieve their sexual potential, in females however, some patients find that they are unable to conceive a child naturally and will then be offered in-vitro fertilisation as a viable alternative